Hormones control a wide range of physiological reactions in the body such as energy production, reproduction, muscles growth and mood. Hormones play an important role in building new muscle tissues as well as burning fat, therefore it is important to understand which hormones are released during exercise. The Sport Hormones PLUS provides an assessment of multiple performance hormones including:
– Cortisol is a steroid hormone that is released by the adrenal glands in response to stress, trauma, infection, obesity and exercise. Cortisol is released in a daily pattern, peaking in early morning and declining in the evening. Cortisol supports energy metabolism during long periods of exercise (e.g. cardio and endurances regimes) by breaking down triglycerides and protein to produce glucose necessary to fuel muscles.
– Growth Hormone plays an important role in regulating bone density, muscle mass and fat metabolism. Growth hormone can be produced in response to high intensity workout such as intensive strength training and explosive power exercises. The amount of growth hormone in the blood is also affected by sleep, emotional stress and diet.
– Insulin is a hormone that is produced by pancreas. Insulin plays an important role in controlling blood glucose (sugar) levels and the levels of carbohydrates and fats stored in the body. Insulin is released by the pancreas in response to increased glucose in the blood (e.g. after a meal). Insulin allows glucose to be taken up by body cells, especially muscle tissues, where its used for energy productions. Insulin then signals to the liver to store the remaining excess glucose as fat in the body. It is recommended to avoid high sugar meals before exercise as it will elevate insulin levels in the blood and promote the storage of glucose as fat. its important to wait until the body has started sweating before consuming any energy drinks or sport snacks.
– Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) is produced by the liver in response to growth hormone stimulation. IGF-1 regulates the diverse actions of growth hormone, stimulating the growth of bones and production of lean muscle mass.
– Oestradiol is a female steroid hormone that is responsible for the female reproductive system, growth of breast tissues and bone integrity. High oestradiol levels in women can cause acne, low sex drive, and depression. Oestradiol can be raised in men due to excess fat or relevant to testosterone levels, which have declined with age. High oestradiol in men can cause growth of breast tissue, low sex drive and infertility.
– Testosterone is a male sex hormone that is responsible for bone and muscle strength, as well as energy and sexual function. Testosterone is produced in the body in response to exercise, in particular progressive strength training programs.
Athletes, body-builders, cross-fitters and active individuals who are serious about sustaining high peak physical performance.
- Testosterone (Total)
- Growth Hormone (GH)
- Cortisol (Serum)
- Oestradiol (E2)
- IGF-1 (Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1)
Fasting and resting are required for 10 - 12 hours prior to sample collection.
Estimated Turn Around For Results:
3 Business Days
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