Changes in the frequency of menstrual cycle is common for most women at some point in their lives. Any treatment or investigation of irregular periods will depend on the likely cause. There may be no need for treatment if you are nearing the menopause, for example, as irregular periods are common during this time. There are several factors that may cause your periods to stop or become irregular, such as:
- Hormones imbalance
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding
- Birth Control Pills
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Thyroid disorders
- Being overweight
- Extreme weight loss and eating disorders
- excessive exercise or stress
- Uterine Fibroids ( muscular tumours in the walls of the uterus)
- Endometriosis, a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus)
This screen is ordered to detect hormone imbalances and assess their effect on the menstrual cycle. Prolactin has an important role in female reproductive health as well as responsible for stimulating milk production during pregnancy and after childbirth. High levels in females who are not pregnant or breastfeeding can indicate fertility complications or irregular menstrual cycles. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is responsible for controlling egg production in the ovaries. High levels of FSH in Females indicate reduced egg supply whereas low levels can indicate lack of ovulation or expected Pregnancy. Luteinising Hormone (LH) has an important role in controlling the menstrual cycle. High levels in females can indicate no ovulation, that you are menopausal or that you have hormones imbalance. Oestradiol hormone is responsible for controlling female reproductive system and growth of Breast tissue. High levels can cause acne, depression and loss of sex drive. High levels can also indicate high risk of uterine and breast cancer. Low levels can lead to osteoporosis, imbalance with menstrual cycle as well as fatigue.
Testosterone is responsible for bone, muscle strength, as well as energy and sexual function. Raised testosterone in women can cause irregular periods, excessive hair growth on the body, thinning hair on the head, weight gain and acne. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is used to diagnose thyroid diseases due to their negative impact on the menstrual cycle. Abnormal thyroid functions may can affect conception and may lead to symptoms such as weight gain, lack of energy and depression. Progesterone is responsible for preparing the body for pregnancy as well as improving fat metabolism. Progesterone has also a role in improving bone density and mental thinking. Beta Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (BHGC) is produced by the placenta during pregnancy, and is typically detected in the blood around the time of the first missed period.
Women who want to check if they have hormones imbalances that might be disturbing the frequency of their menstrual cycle.
- Oestradiol (E2)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Luteinising Hormone (LH)
- Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
- Testosterone (Total)
- Beta HCG (Quantitative) - Blood
No special preparation required prior to sample collection.
Estimated Turn Around For Results:
3 Business Days
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